Category Archives: occulture

Occulture – Carl Abrahamsson (2018)

This book has its own tag! I use the tag “occulture” to tag books about ‘occult culture’, not unlike the way the author uses the term in the present title. Abrahamsson says that the term was coined by Genesis P-Orridge which I initially found a bit shallow, but when further on Abrahamsson says that he was actually deeply involved in Thee Temple Ov Psychic Youth (TOPY), I figured that he has every ‘right’ to use the term. It appears that Abrahamsson moved more to Crowleyan / Thelema type circles, apparently as an active magician. Besides writing, Abrahamsson is also an artist and a musician. Good ingredients for a occultural stew!

The book is a collection of essays, or rather lectures, by Abrahamsson from a variety of occasions. They are often lectures that the author held at OTO or Thelemic seminars or more general seminars about magic and culture and that from Scandinavia, the USA, but also continental Europe (mostly Eastern Europe). The lectures have a variety of subjects. From comparing Aleister Crowley to Rudolf Steiner to Anton LaVey, Carl Jung, sex magic, dreams and the Golem. The lectures do not really plunge into any depths, even though they are usually held for ‘experienced audiences’. This makes the book, to me, rather shallow and more amusing light reading than groundbreaking information about “The Unseen Forces That Drive Culture Forward”.

2018 Park Street Press, isbn 9781620557037

Death In June, Verborgen Unter Runen * Aldo Chimenti (2012)

While in the Grassi Museum in Leipzig during the 2015 edition of the Wave Gotik Treffen, my eye fell on this massive book about Death In June for what seemed to be a very reasonable price. However I am not a huge fan of Death In June, I was curious enough to bring back home the book to read the story of Douglas Pearce and his friends.

The book was originally written in Italian. The German translation was published two years later. The original edition has the notorious ‘death’s head’ logo on the cover (the ebook version even more clearly). My guess is that that cover on the German edition would lead to the book being banned like some of Death In June’s albums. It looks like there is no English translation. This immediatly makes me wonder: did Douglas give his interviews in English and were his answers first translated to Italian and then again to German? I certainly would have preferred to read the man’s answers in his native tongue. What is more, the German in the book already does not always seem too good to me, but some Germans confirm this. This already starts with the title. The Italian title is Death In June, a l’ombre des runes which (I think) means “in the shadows of the runes” rather than “hidden below runes”. Perhaps the German title make a little wordplay with the Hagakure that Pearce seems to love.

Chimenti proves to be a big and longtime fan of the band. This is often quite annoying, because everything the band does is brilliant and everything that can be explained negativelly is incorrect. (Towards the end the publisher of the German edition felt to need to correct Chimenti on a few occasions.) Even everything people did who at some point worked with Douglas Pearce seems to be idolised. This makes the book too praising and uncritical to me.

Blutleuchte * Gerhard Hallstatt (2010)

Gerhard Hallstatt (or Gerhard Petak or Kadmon) is best-known for his musical outlet Allerseelen, but for a long time he also published magazines under the titles Aorta and Ahnstern.

These “tracts” first appeared in twenty issues of Aorta and nine of Ahnstern. They were homemade bilingual booklets done with typewriter, copying machine, and stapler. The print was cramped, the illustrations blurred or blackened, and the English translations extremely quaint (in contrast to Gerhard’s beautiful German.)

So a few people set up to make new translations of Gerhard’s articles and present them in a beautiful cloth-bound book with two-colour print. What is presented is a cabinet of curiosities that go from the Cathars to crop circles and man-made UFOs. The articles are only those of Gerhard and span about the decade from 1990 to 2000. It is great to find a man with an interest in a wide variety of subjects as myself not trying to hang around in the same allies all the time. Somehow many of the articles circle around the period of the two world wars though. Through interviews and articles you will learn about Kenneth Anger and his films, a woman with stigmata, characters such as Codreanu and Willigut, musicians such as Z’ev and Michael Moynihan, magic, shamanism, the far corners of science, artists, religions and cults. Several articles are very personal accounts of travels to ancient festivals or mystical places. At least one text is a made-up story which makes me wonder about one or two other personal accounts. Gerhard introduces new terms such as panzermaterialismus and heidnat and describes visions caused by eating mushrooms. Satanism, magic, controversial elements of history it is all here in Blutleuchte. The book is a very enjoyable read with nice, short texts about subjects that I was mostly familiar with, but for example the author rekindled my desire to watch the pre-WWII films of Riefenstahl and I do not believe that I ever heard of the subterranean midget worlds called “Erdställe”. The book is not cheap, but worth the money a worthwhile homage to a lifelong traveller. Speaking of homage, the introduction that I quoted is written by noone less than Joscelyn Godwin the famous scholar on music and Western esotericism and who is apparently no longer frightened by a bit of controversy, since he also wrote introductions to English translations of Evola and articles in the Tyr Journal. I admire the man for knitting his name to such publications which will hopefully make them appear less black (and white).
To get your own copy, people from Europe best get in contact with Gerhard himself (aorta(at)gmx(dot)at), in the US with the publisher (linked below).
2010 Ajna, isbn 9780972182034

EsoTerra, the journal of extreme culture * Chad Hensley (editor) (2011)

EsoTerra (“arcane earth”) was a magazine that had nine issues between 1991 and 2000. I knew it, since the magazine also featured extreme music, flyers were also spread in the music scene that I go around in. I thought I might have a copy somewhere, but I guess that was wishfull thinking. I have never been much of a magazine buyer. EsoTerra started four years after the first publication of Adam Parfrey’s Apocalypse Culture and deals with similar subjects. Parfey’s book and also EsoTerra were quite controversial in their time, but the fact that Apocalypse Culture is available from Amazon and also this ‘best of EsoTerra‘, the shock has made room for curiosity. I must say that Apocalypse Culture looks more extreme to me than EsoTerra. When you look at my review of the book and the subjects features, EsoTerra comes as easy reading with perhaps an interview with a necrophiliac (like in the other book, but this time also a ‘light one’) and quite a few pages about different sexual preferences, but by far the larger part of the book are interviews with artists and some not too sensation-seeking articles about The Process Church Of Final Judgement or a man that visited John Wayne Gacy on death row a couple of times. The book is mostly enjoyable for historical interests. The interview with Genesis P-Orridge gives a nice insight in the early industrial/noise scene, the interview with Strength Through Joy some of the earlier ideas of the popband Ostara, Merzbow speaks about his early noise efforts and the sex-culture of Japan and H.R. Giger about his art. There are interviews with Albin Julius, Roger Karmanik, David Tibet, Boyd Rice, Mother Destruction, Women of Sodom, Trevor Brown, Joe Coleman and many more. All amusing, but not really groundbreaking or shocking. I had a fun time reading through this ‘best of’ over 300 pages with quality printing with people with weird interests read like a breeze. The only thing I would have liked is when the dates of the interviews were mentioned or at least the issue of original publication would have been mentioned to be better able to place the text in time.
2011 creation books, isbn 9781840681666

Apocalypse Culture * Adam Parfrey (1990)

“Apocalypse Culture” was first published in 1987 and this is the “expanded & revised” edition of 1990. Apparently the book made quite an impression at first publication. I cannot tell if 20 years later the book would still shock, but since the ease to purchase it, I think not. “Apocalypse Culture” is still not for people faint of heart though and mostly aims for people with a morbid curiosity for or acting in the very outskirts of society. The first half of the book contains things like interviews with a necrophile, a psychopath, Peter Sotos who edited the extreme sex magazine Pure and Fakir Musafar who practises extreme body modifications for shamanistic purposes. Articles are about subjects such as aesthetic terrorism, the very dark side of modern art, self-castration and mass-murdering. There are also (semi-)political texts, writings of psychotics, biographies and especially towards the end a lot of (not too interesting) conspiracy theories.
It was something different of my usual literature and I must say I enjoyed the rantings of weird people here and there and there sure are some entertaining pieces to be found. Shocking? Maybe I am a bit numb, but not really. Strange? Definately! A book to read when you want something different some time.
1987/1990 Feral House, isbn 9780922915057

Ästhetische Mobilmachung * Andreas Speit (ed.) (isbn 3897718049)

“Ästhetic Mobilisation – Dark Wave, Neofolk and Industrial under pressure of rightwing ideologies” is what I would make of the German title of this book. There are more books about gothic/darkwave music in Germany, simply because this genre is much larger in Germany than anywhere else. Also there are more books from leftish circles about several subject. This book is of course about the neofolk/industrial scene. It is released by “RAT” or “Reihe Antifaschistischer Texte” (“series of antifascist texts”) of the “Unrast Verlag” (“unrest publishers”). It is a compilation of six articles.

The book opens with an introduction by Speit. It speaks about the Wave Gotik Treffens and the problems with rightwing elements at the 2000 edition. Speit says that gothic/darkwave music has long left behind its exclusive character, but subscenes keep popping up. Now there is a scene with extreme right views with its own magazines (Sigill/Zinnober, Ahnstern/Aorta, Occidental Congress, Letters From The Nuovo Europae). However the gothic scene in general could long be regarded as unpolitical, Speit sees a tendency to the right in the whole of it, mostly caused by an uncoming genre promoting extreme right ideas and the acceptance of this tendency by the ‘normal gruftie’. Speit also answers a few simple objections that ‘we’ use.

The first real article is called “The wonderful and frightening World of … Gothic, Grufts und Industrial – die Schwarze Szene und deren Musik im Überblick” and is written by Hans Wanders. As the title suggests, this is a introductionary article about gothic music. Wanders gives the history of the music, the underlying philosophy of it in different times and shows how big the music is nowadays. Here and there he misses the point or forgets things, but overall his article is an alright read. Going from shock-goth-rock to industrial, noise and accoustic music with a slowly growing piece of “fascist esthetics”, this article leads the way for the rest of the book.

“L’art du mal – vom antibürgerlichen Gestus zur faschistoiden Ästhetik” of Andreas Speit and Jan Raabe is next. The title gives the undertone of the article “from anti-bourgeios attitude to fascistic esthetics”. In this article you can read about the 6/6/99 concert of Death In June, antimodernity and then a whole lot of information about (extreme) rightwing history, Italian fascism, Julius Evola, new-right, etc., I would almost say: “everything that a newborn neofolker wants to know.” After this a few compilations are spoken about in detail: Lucifer Rising, Riefenstahl, Thorak, Im Blutfeuer, Le Jardin des Suplices and Za Dom Spremni. Much information about individual tracks, artwork, etc. It is quite amazing how many samples and things in the artwork the writers are able to trace back.

After this follows Christian Dornbusch’s “Von Landsertrommeln und Lärmorgiën – Death In June und Kollaborateure”. This article speaks about the career of Douglas P. and how he moved from leftisch thinking to rightwing ideology. Oldtime friends such as Sol Invictus and the like are also mentioned. Separate chapters are there about Der Blutharsch, NON and Blood Axis. Also obvious reactions from the scene like “P. is homosexual so how can he be a nazi?” are easily disproved. The article is quite well written and relatively balanced. Of course the well-known points are much highlighted.

Next up is “Von der CD zur >Lichtscheibe< – Das Kulturmagazine Sigill" by Thomas Naumann and Patrick Schwarz. This time you can read abou the career of Stephan P. of Sigill/Zinnober, but also of his collaborators. Of course bands mentioned in previous articles again pass the revue, but this time the non-musical contacts are also investigated. Lateron the writers focus on Eis und Licht Tonträger and the bands on this label.

"Synergie Effekte – Bewegungen zwischen Schwarzer Szene und braunem Spektrum" is written by the trio Dornbusch / Raabe / Speit. I personally found this the most 'disturbing' article. It speaks about people from rightwing scenes who found out about the upcoming (light?) conservative tendencies in the gothic scene and tried to exploit this and win people for their own movements. An 'infiltrator' with Zillo magazine or Verlag und Agentur Werner Symanek (VAWS) for example. Also spoken about is the growing interest of the skinhead scene in 'darkwave music' and bands having interview with their magazines. The efforts of the 'outsiders' failed, but we all know what is left.

The last article is "Der Tabubruch von Heute ist der Mainstream von Morgen" and is written by Stephan Lindke. This article isn't too interesting. It speaks about "Neue Deutsche Härte" with means something like "new German hardness" and is a not a kind of music or a scene, but a collective term for German-languaged (metal?) music. Most interest goes to Rammstein with their fascist esthetics and Joachim Witt (who I don't know) , but also Laibach and Weissglut (the band with which Joseph Klumb "alias Jay Kay" almost signed to Sony Records) are spoken about. Also here the interest of skinheads in the music and the disassociation of rightwing philosophies of most "Neue Deutsche Härte" bands are dealt with. Most concerns of the writers are ventilated about the disconnection of (fascist) esthetics and politics and the potential of big bands like Rammstein when they openly portray their interests in fascist esthetics in videoclips (Riefenstahl in the "Stripped" video).

All in all I can suggest this book to everyone who feels attracted to the 'faulty images' of neofolk and kindred bands. The writers of this book find way too much in their images, texts and artworks to be coincidental and several bands seem to be more than just 'playing with fire'. On one hand this could make the music less enjoyable, on the other hand I don't think it is wrong to know what you are dealing with. The writers are very well informed (a bit too much actually) and their texts come with an impressive amount of notes. Some people (like Klumb) are of course mentioned much more than others, but you find information about quite a few bands.
A strange point with this kind of releases I always find the fact that people who already have an interest in the music and/or philosophy will read it and find out things they didn't know or pointers to new bands, movements, magazines or whatever. This will also happen with this book I expect.

A few points in the other direction though. No matter how wrong some bands and the people behind them may be, I personally would grand them the freedom of speech upto a level that for me hasn't been reached yet. I have never bought a cd or visited a concert in/on which anyone has tried to oppose a certain ideology on me. Artwork may have a dubious symbology, but I don't believe that exposure to that would turn anyone into a fascist. You can rent "Triumph des Willens" in videostores and I can recommand it to anyone, just to find out how boring it really it. Don't worry, you won't be a fascist after you have seen it.
Another thing. All articles in this book except the last one, seem to make no difference whatsoever between rightwing philosophy and extreme right philosophy or actions. I don't recollect any band that is mentioned in this book to have stimulated their readers to attack foreigners, grow hatred against other people in general, demolish other peoples properties or philosophies or exclude people from buying their material or visiting concerts. The 'darkwave public' in general is too hetergeneous for all that. It listens to bands they like for the music and will rarely be able to find out the precise philosophies of the bands from their artwork. I do admit that I don't read many magazines though.

To speak for myself, I listen to the music I listen to for the music. If there are people who have problems with some of the bands, so be it, I don't. I have music from many of the mentioned bands, also of Goethes Erben and Das Ich whose frontmen are often quoted with anti-fascist statements as counterpart for the bands that get most attention. I have often wondered what I would do if a skinhead band made a good cd, but I think I wouldn't buy it (should I already know where). For me there is a difference between a band with subtle hints that I mostly don't understand anyway and a band openly proclaiming 'white power'. Maybe neofolk bands indeed are "Tabubrechend" (taboo-breaking) and disconnect certain esthetics from a philosophy it has always been connected with. I agree with Oswald Henke (Goethes Erben) that some people treat the symbology too naively and "unreflecting" (p.111), but that doens't mean you can simply whipe such people on one heap with rightwing extremists. And would a person who (unlike myself) likes war-movies automatically see him-/herself as a soldier? Or does a deathmetalhead who likes lyrics about death, destruction and serial killers (often also visually in the form or horror-films) automatically become violent? I don't think so. Too much danger is ascribed to an interest in things that you are not supposed to be interested in.

Looking For Europe, neofolk und hintergründe * Andreas Diesel & Dieter Gerten (isbn 3936878021 * 2005)

A week ago I got this book and also the accompanying 4 cd compilation, which is reviewed in the music section. Two writers claim to have written the definate history of the musical genre of “neofolk”. The compilation cd makes you familiar with predecessors, old and new bands in a variety of styles that the writers caught under the name “neofolk”. Diesel seems that have listened to the music for quite a while, also he is a writer on a variety of subjects. Gerten is a scientist who also seems that have known the music for a while. So this would make the writers ‘insiders’ but with a background which should make them able to properly investigate things and write subjectively. This is true, so the book definately is about as good as a book about the ‘phenomenon’ neofolk can be.

“Neofolk” is a subsubgenre of “gothic music” and more precily came forth from the “industrial” branch of gothic music. Both the musicians and the audience of neofolk often have a background in either industrial and/or wave music (both “gothic”) or metal. In large parts of the gothic scene, there is an interest in more than just music, in a smaller part of the metal scene this is also the case. This other-than-music interest concerns art, literature, philosophy, religion and often esotericism. It is funny to see how certain subgenres and their audiences seem to have similar other-than-music interests. A simple example, people listening to black metal are often interested in satanic, anti-Christian and occult subjects. This can work in both ways. People like a style of music and get an interest in ‘its philosophy’, but also people into certain subjects may find that there are musicians with similar interests. This is also the case in “gothic music”. Diesel and Gerten describe that early industrial artists used certain subjects for shock-value, while there was in interest in certain thinkers. As this developed and while getting mixed with other ingredients, a scene started to grow with an interest history (World Wars, Napoleon, etc.), totalitarian regimes, pre-Christian beliefs, certain thinkers and philosophers, etc. Of course there is as much variety in the subjects as there are individuals. A musical style that also developed was simple, acoustic guitar based music with harmonious elements (violins, flutes, etc.) (later also with a more bombastic is militant sound) and lyrics and artwork with the subjects that I named. This music is called “neofolk”. Within the same scene there are other, often purely electronic, projects, but with similar preferences for lyrics and artwork (this can be “industrial”, “noise”, bombastic (orchestral) music, “military pop”, etc.). The writers decided to put all of that under the banner “neofolk”. I do not agree with it, even when I can understand that if you call some music from that scene “neofolk” and other music “industrial” (like I do, see my music section), there is no term left to describe the subscene as a total. So far the information for people being unfamiliar with my musical tastes.
Both on the cd and in the book, the writers give a history of the genre with predecessors (it is in the book that I learned that some of the bands on the cds had more influences than I thought myself), describe developments within the scene and then dig deeper into the philosophical background. This is done by very readable texts (in German of course), interviews and descriptions of the scenes of the UK, the USA, Germany and Austria, Southern Europe, France and Belgium, Eastern Europe and Scandinavia (I miss my own country which has maybe but a few, but some of the better bands; quite a fixed scene and many of the problems described in the book!). Because of the dubious mix of concepts (world wars, nazi-symbology, paganism, conservative writers, etc.) in artwork and lyrics, the scene often seen as a bunch of fascists and there have been problems with concerts for many years (activists from the extreme left often make objections when there is a concert, which are consequentally often cancelled). Publications and actions against the genre, bands, fans, organisators, magazines, mailorders, etc. are still daily reality. Naturally (and justly) this issue is written about at length and musicians and other persons from the scenes are questioned about it in the interviews. The artists are of the opinion that this issue falls under their artistic freedom, they show both sides of the medal (but of course the ‘faulty elements’ are always highlighted) and that they do not make politics at all. Diesel and Gerten clearly share the views from the scene. With detailed descriptions of the layered symbology of the music (they have been searching for the sources of samples, asking difficult questions to artists) and the background (part III is about the spiritual backgroundss, postmodern romanticism, playing with fire and the cultural criticism of the artists, there are appendices about Nietzsche, Evola and Jünger (three popular thinkers), hypocrisy, etc.) they show what is really ‘on the scenes mind’. This is almost entirely opposite to the findings of the writers of Ästhetische Mobilmachung (see book reviews archive) which is written purely to show how extreme right the whole neofolk scene is. Diesel and Gerten agree that the mix that is made is sometimes lightly inflammable, or at least dubious, but none of the bands are trying to force ideas upon listeners of anybody, call for racism, make nazi ideas right or anything, just to make people think for themselves, investigate and being not afraid of taboos (you can only judge Mein Kampf when you read it, not when you read about it).
I agree with this approach. There has never been a band that tried to force their convictions on their audience, not even to show them. When certain symbology (for example a “black sun” on a cd or on stage) makes you wonder what they mean, you wonder! When lyrics or interviews lead you towards writers as Julius Evola or Ernst Jünger, you can decide for yourself whether or not to read them and form your own view on them and their writings. I do the same with Monas.nl. You can get ideas here to read books, try to find a certain cd, read an article and catch an interest in some subject, and after that it is upto you. You don’t have to agree with my view of Auf Die Marmorklippen, my Evola article is not to convert you to Italian fascism (maybe just to warm you when you want to read Evola), my music and film reviews are not to make you spend money on music and films you may not like. All of these things won’t even tell you where I stand (or if you read well, some may; but you can of course always ask).
A few things that I do not agree with in Looking For Europe. Like I said, the term “neofolk” is used differently from how I would use it, that is a detail. Further I think some bands are out of place and other bands lack (also see music reviews section). For example, why Von Thronstahl / Forthcoming Fire only mentioned in half a line? Forthcoming Fire and later Von Thronstahl have put a massive stamp on the scene as a whole (in my view of course) with their image, musical style and extraordinary well-readedness. Is it because they openly give their non-neutral political colour in interviews? Because he does, Josef K. become the ‘consciousness of the scene’. In interviews (and also in Looking For Europe) Josef has become the example of how ‘bad things can be’. “I am not like Josef K.”, “he certainly is no Josef K.”, meaning, “I may play with nazi symbology, but I am not a fascist”. Whether or not Josef K. is a fascist, Von Thronstahl has never been the vehicle to spread the (possible) ideas, so this band is no different from any other band in this book, regardless his (possible) political ideas.

Conclusion: Looking For Europe is your ultimate book about neofolk music, the scene and the philosophy. The book is interesting for people who have listened to the music for many years. I enjoyed reading about Current 93, Death In June, the minutious description of TMLHBAC and Der Blutharsch, etc. and also the essays about Nietzsche, Jünger, Evola; the neopagan part, the interviews, eurocentrism, etc. etc. People who are not familiar with the music and its concepts will get a very descent introduction here. The writers are critical, honest and come to the conclusion that conservatism and nationalism (hardly touched upon btw) or even “rightness” is not the same as fascism or extreme-rightness such as some people want us to believe. The neofolk scene mostly consists of intelligent, individual and well-read people with a wide scope of interests and a critical mind. Anti-activists also get a place in the book and all the rest of them who may read this book, will get a more wide-ranging view on the music, the scene and its symbology than in their own publications which only highlight what is thought to be dangerous. Read the book, then read Ästhetische Mobilmachung and then draw your own conclusions like a good “neofolker” should!