Category Archives: occultism

Fraternitas Saturni – Stephen E. Flowers (2018)

Just as most of his books, Flowers has revised this book a couple of times and republished it. The book was first published in 1990 as Fire And Ice: The History, Structure And Rituals Of Germany’s Most Influential Modern Magical Order – The Brotherhood Of Saturn. A second edition was published in 1994. For the third edition 2006 (self released on Runa Raven) the title was changed to The Fraternitas Saturni – or Brotherhood Of Saturn: An Introduction To Its History Philosophy And Rituals. This fourth edition is published by Inner Traditions, is again revised and expanded and this title changed again, this time to The Fraternitas Saturni: History, Doctrine, And Rituals Of The Magical Order Of The Brotherhood Of Saturn.

The story behind the book is interesting. When studying in Germany, the author received actual documents of a notorious magical order about which not much had been published, certainly not in another language than German, including history and rituals. There are still people working under the name and Flowers got permission to publish the information. The rituals are not those that are in use nowadays anyway.

The Fraternitas Saturni is (of course) best known for its links with Aleister Crowley and its sex-magical workings. Flowers soon puts things in perspective. In its 33 degree system, sex is only part of one (the 18º). Now the initiation is more sexy than in most esoteric orders and there are private workings involving ritual sex, but it is certainly not so that this was the main focus of the brotherhood. read more

Icelandic Magic – Stephen Flowers (2018)

Almost three decades after the first edition of his Galdrabók Flowers comes with a follow-up. That book ran out of print rapidly and became wildly expensive. A later reprint (that I reviewed) was pretty expensive as well, but later on the book was again reprinted and it is now well available and affordable. There is also an English and Icelandic edition.

Just as in his Galdrabók, Flowers mostly fills the pages of this new book with introductory information. This again is interesting. Flowers made me feel sorry for not having had the time to visit Strandagaldur, the museum of witchcraft and sorcery when I was in Iceland. The fact that this museum exists proves Flowers’ point that Galdrabekur (‘magic books’) have remained popular in Iceland for a very long time. They were influenced by similar books from the continent, from which many spells were taken, survived the coming of Christianity and (even though less popular) the Reformation. Practitioners copied books, added their own spells and sigils and thus created their own books. Quite a couple of them have found their way to the National Museum of Iceland where Flowers studied them.

In his lengthy introduction the author sketches the history of the books, gives an idea of the lives of some magicians (many Christians!), says a few things about the ‘light’ and ‘dark’ versions and towards the end has a “grey book” part with spells and signs. Flowers wanted to create a practical book of magic, so he explains how the sigils are built up, how you can use them and how you create your own. At the end some pages are left blank so you can add your own workings and create your very own “grey book” just as the Icelandic magicians did in the past (and present). read more

Amongst Mystics and Magicians in Stockholm * Thomas Karlsson (2015)

On the philosohical outlet of Michael Idehall, Belzebez, I read about this book of Thomas Karlsson. Belzebez has a bit of a ‘Dragon Rouge air’ so it is not strange to find Karlsson’s biographical notes on the early days of the order that he founded. I am not too interested in “Ordo Draconis et Atri Adamantis“, but it is always nice to read about somebody’s path.

“Amonst Mystics and Magicians” turns out to be a very personal account of Karlsson’s early years. It reads like a diary (in the I-form), but very much in a narrative style so that it also reads like a boy’s adventure, an exploration into the occult. Karsson describes how from an early age he read everything about the occult that he could lay his hands on. At the age of 14 he started to run into like-minded people in the occult bookshops of Stockholm that he frequented. He also started to experiment with different visionary techniques. With his new found friends the experiments became two persons or even group events. Where Karlsson was the ‘scholar’ of the group, a person he names “Varg” was even more into the magical experimentations. Also Varg has an American teacher (Thorsson perhaps?). Other friends are more down-to-earth, but interested nonetheless.

Karlsson travels, meets more people, gets in contact with many more people, also people that help him in certain directions. The book describes how he, and other people, conduct ceremonies, have visions and encounter beings from the other side, “the Left side”. Karlsson proves to be openminded in his musical interests (that go from black metal to New Beat, techno and classical music) and philosophical interests. His ‘system’ goes from Crowley to “Vodou”, from Kabbalah to Tantra, Babylonian to Northern mythology; basically anything that could be (partly) interesting.

The author reasons that the Left (Hand) Path is the path for people who think for themselves, contrary to the Right (Hand) Path which is for followers. A similar reasoning he has for his “dark magic”. Where “white magic” is for the purpose of good, “black magic” for the purpose of evil”, “dark magic” is for the curious with no good or bad intentions. Curiosity seems to be the basis for Karlsson’s magical endeavors. The book describes experiments with halucinating techniques, lucid dreams, the raising of ghosts and encounters with Thor and Lucifer. It remains unclear what is the purpose of it all. Knowledge and wisdom are mentioned here and there, but does one get wiser from meeting deceased people from a remote cemetary? In a chapter towards the end, a man named Richard calls up Karlsson to inquire about the Dragon Rouge, Karlsson says:

We don’t stand for anything. It is not a religion or a political party. We do things We are a magical order. There you don’t stand for things. There you do things. And then it’s up to you to interpret what has happened when you’ve done something.

This also the reason anyone can join, where atheist, Christian or Satanist.
But again, why summon spirits if it is only to interpret the events?

A bit furtheron Richard asks about the left hand path, according to Karlsson:

It’s dangerous. The left hand path leads to the farthest, and most foreign regions of existence. Going too fast, or too carelessly, can destroy anyone. It is total darkness and Chaos.
[Richard] Why would you go there?
[Karlsson] You wouldn’t necessarily. it might be better not to. But if you are driven by curiosity, it is like taking a look behind the veils of existence, and seeing what’s there.

This may be an interesting endeavor, but personally I miss the point. Still it was nice to read how Karlsson had a similar start to myself, but took a completely different road. Also when thinking about the fact that Karlsson nowadays teaches at Stockholm University (religious studies), this book is very open and personal. Which makes me wonder. Is this book for Dragon Rouge members so they have a bit of history; but why is this not an internal publication? Is this book for potential Dragon Rouge members? But why then does Karlsson keep referring to his (youthfull?) New Agey interests? Or did the author want to do away with a possible master status and show his students that he got where he got by simply trying things so they have to too?

In any case, the 140 pages are bound nicely and the books looks wonderfull. The book is quite expensive, but makes a nice read. Do not expect profound knowledge, worked out rituals or a detailed description of the order of the red dragon, rather the founder looking back at the early days.

2015 Midian Books, limited to 200 copies.

Occult Traditions * Damon Zacharias Lycourinos (editor) 2012

Once upon a time there was a magazine called “Primordial Traditions”. The best articles were bundled in a book with the same title and then Primordial Traditions became a publisher starting a series with titles such as “Northern Traditions” and “Radical Traditions”. Whereas the initiative started with a (somewhat) Traditionalistic approach, this is less so nowadays and maybe this is one of the reasons that the publisher is now called Numen Books. (Another reason could of course be that Numen Books publishes more than just the “traditions” series.) The latest publication available is “Occult Traditions”. The book has the size and the look of previous book in the series, which is nice. The cover is strangely ‘rubbery’ and the number of pages (over 300 pages) makes a nice addition to the series. With this title you might not be surprised that there is not much Traditionalism to be found here, just a reference to Evola. What is presented is more an interesting collection of scholarly writings about occultism and magic, old and new and writings of or about contemporary occultists, both investigations of rituals and rituals themselves. I do not have a large interest in contemporary occultism, but a publication like this does show the state of magic of our day. The editor has a liking for the very interesting Papyri Graecae Magicae and we go from ancient rituals from that sort of texts to a day in the lives of contemporary Wiccas. Indeed, the variety is large. A prejudice against contemporary heathens is confirmed too by the way, since the pagan scholar Christopher -Heathen Journal- Plaisance contributed two essays. Pagans do practice occultism and not just an old religion. Now Plaisance’ texts are of course scholarly and philosophical and there is nothing to suggest that he practices the ritual magic that he describes, but the link between even the serious heathens of our time and the occultists is proven once more (and me reviewing this book of course doubles that). The large number of texts in “Occult Traditions” include Icelandic magic, much medieval magic, one author claiming that medieval and Renaissance magic are linked, inspite of what the Renaissance man wanted us to believe, Wicca, sex magic, the dark side of Buddhism (main woman Gwendolyn Toynton’s article is certainly the most interesting in this volume), necromancy and much more. Not my favourite literature, but a nice alternation between my usual books. Next up is Northern Traditions II, that will be more in my line.
2012 Numen Books, isbn 0987158139

Galdrabók, an icelandic book of magic * Stephen Edred Flowers (2005 rûna raven press)

GaldrabokFor a very long time I have wanted to have a look at the famous “Galdrabók”. I knew that Stephen Flowers of the Rune Gild and the Woodharrow institute had a translation, but it ran out of print and is impossible to get. Now there is a “second and revised edition”, not released by Weiser, but by Flower’s own Rûna Raven Press. However the first edition has a colour cover and 135 pages, this new edition is more like a photocopied (but well-bound) 100 page A5 booklet. I don’t know what happened in between.

Of the 100 pages there is only 16 pages Galdrabók. Flowers starts with a very interesting introduction into Northern European magic. The writer devides Icelandic magic in three periods: the pagan age, the Christian age and the age of the Reformation. It in in the latter that magic was forcefully suppressed, but most manuscripts written down. The introduction compares systems, points to currents (Christian, Eastern, etc.), gives the history and an idea of the practise of it. After this follow the 16 pages of the Galdrabók and then another few pages with magic from other sources.

I expected a bit of a ‘runic version’ of the famous Medieval grimoires, but this is only partly true. A few symbols my remind of for example the Lesser Key of Solomon, but many do not. Also there aren’t that many drawings involved, more like spells and curses, not quite unlike the short spells from the Papyri Graecae Magicae (see elsewhere on this site). Most spells, etc. are very simple, totally unlike the long and detailed instructions in Medieval sorcerers books. I guess that Flowers is right when he says that these are writings for ‘pros’ and not for ‘beginners’. Also there are not that many runic figures involved or ‘pagan deities’, many texts come straight from the Bible or Judaic or Gnostic spell-books. Interesting nonetheless, especially with the great introduction of Flowers.

Rûna Raven Books are not cheap, especially not when you live outside the USA. I ran into Europa ltd. who sent me this booklet for $ 32,- and a long wait. You may have a search a bit, since that webshop seems to be offline (26/6/2017).

Necronomicon * ‘Simon’ (1980 avon * isbn 0380751925)

I saw this book in a local second hand bookshop. There is a lot to say about this famous little book. Some people say that the book was written by H.P. Lovecraft (1890-1937) and the history was invented by the same famous poet. Others take more credibility to Lovecraft’s story and say that “the Necronomicon was written in Damascus in 730 A.D. by Abdul Alhazred”. It found its way through the ages, was translated into Latin by Olaus Wormius in in 1487 (this is not Ole Worm the Dane about whom you can read in other places on, John Dee owned a copy and Aleister Crowley studied Dee’s copy. If the last is true, that is all before Lovecraft’s invention. On the other hand, with everything before Lovecraft, it is even more likely that the man invented the whole thing.
Then to the book itself. The Necronomicon reads like a bad copy of the famous Greater and Lesser Key Of Solomon, but then with the Hebrew(ish) names, replaced by Mesopotamian names. The images in the Necronomicon are quite cheap. There are actually only a few different symbols and they look like the Medieval magical seals, but not entirely. The references to numbers of demons (the fifty names of Marduk in this case) and their functions remind of the Keys. The summonings are strange and long strings of letters, supposedly ‘Mesopotamian’. It is clear that this little book had a vast influence on the minds of ‘occult youngsters’, for example in the black metal scene. I recognise many bandnames and album titles of music that I listened to in my metal period.
My judgement about the book. I don’t think that this is a serious magical work and not likely very old either. It is a fun read, but actually so are the Medieval magical books (I definately don’t plan to try and find out if something happens if I follow the instructions). Like I said earlier, in my eyes the Necronomicon is a fantasyfull rework of the famous Medieval grimoires and it is not unlikely that indeed Lovecraft (or at least someone in his time) fabricated it. I don’t know what this writer “Simon” that Amazon uses refers to. The book itself does not give an author. This version does have a lenghty introduction refering to Lovecraft, Crowley, etc.

The Secret Knowledge Of The Neophyte * S.L. MacGregor Mathers (holmes publishing group * isbn 1558183949)

“Sinterklaas”-presents from American relatives can sometimes be a pleasant surprise. This is a small photocopied book (but well-done) from a small publisher from small village near Seattle. “Holmes Publishing Group” has at least two series of publications, one with Golden Dawn texts (this one is 18 of 22) and one with other texts, The Hieroglyphic Monad of John Dee, The Divine Edda of Winifred Faraday and A Mithraic Ritual of G.R.S. Mead.

This book has Mathers on the cover, but is in fact a compilation of lectures of different early Golden Dawn officials to “neophytes”, people who want to join the order. These neophytes get instructions for everyday life, but also information about the Golden Dawn, its purposes, its goals, etc. This little book is very informative and (I suppose) also fairly inexpensive, so I think I will try to get my hands on other publications of Holmes.

Enochian Magic for Beginners * Donald Tyson (isbn 1567187471 * 1997)

Another wonderfull work by Donald Tyson. This time Tyson extensively treats the “Enochian magic” system received by John Dee and Edward Kelly. Tyson even manages to make it relatively understandable, even though it isn’t. There are gaps in the system as Dee got it and Tyson tries to fill them with his own theories. This is nice, but not everybody agrees that he got it right. Anyway, if you want to learn about Enochian magic or John Dee, get this fairly cheap ($ 14,95) book. More about the system in my article about angel magic.

Transcendental Magic: Its Doctrine and Ritual Eliphas Levi (isbn 1858913799)

Dogme et Rituel de l’Haute Magie

This is Levi’s (1810-1875) best-known book and one of the two large works that he wrote, together with The History of Magic. Levi was a Catholic priest who got interested in magic and the Kabbalah. However he was the worst historian ever (this book is notorious for containing nothing but historious errors) especially Dogme et Rituel de la haute Magie has made Levi into THE most influential writer on magic since the Renaissance. The book reads quite easily, is funny at times and is divided in two parts. The first is theoretical, the second practical. The first part reads a bit like Isis Unveiled of Blavatsky, much info from a lot of different corners and fairly chaotic and without much references, but still interesting. The second part is supposed to be practical, but this is not really the case. Levi reveals himself as a Christian speaking of “gnostic herecies” and who is quite anti-magical. The only few rituals he gives are to show how wrong or dangerous they are. The second part is rather boring. Overall this books proves to be most interesting from a historical point of view (everybody knows it), but not really to get to know the magical theories of a French Christian and/or his time.

Strange facts: Leer en Ritueel der Hoge Magie is one of the only two texts of Levi that is available in Dutch. It was published in 1984 and has had six reprints since. For some reason we don’t have History of Magic and in English the Doctrine and Ritual is much more less obtainable.

History Of Magic * Eliphas Levi (isbn 0877289298)

Histoire de la Magie

For only E 2,50 ($ 3,-) I bought a German translation of this book. History and Levi, this is an impossible combination which proves in this book. Levi starts with a history. The oldest kind of magic in the world of Levi is Kabbalah, but he calls the ancient tradition Kabbalah and does not necessarily refer to Jewish magic. Levi has a strange order: India, Hermetica, Greece, Pythagoras, Kabbalah. After this he speaks about some magicians, practises, mythology, freemasonry, etc. Alright, but I would not recommand this book if you are looking for a serious history of magic. Still, because of the name Levi, this book is a standard book about the subject.